Biography of Shri Narendra Modi

Shri Narendra Modi was born on 17 September 1950. He has become the Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive time since 26 May 2014 and has also been elected as the Lok Sabha MP from Varanasi. He was born as the Prime Minister of India in independent India. Is the first person. Prior to this, he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 7 October 2001 to 22 May 2014. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
narendra modi
Shri Narendra Modi

Introduction


Shri Narendra Modi was born into a Gujarati family of Vadnagar, Modi helped his father sell tea to his childhood and later ran his own stall. At the age of eight, he joined the RSS, with whom he was associated for a long time. He left his home after graduation. Modi travelled to India for two years and visited many religious centres. 1969 or 1970 he returned to Gujarat and moved to Ahmedabad. In 1971, he became a full-time activist for the RSS. In 1975, he had to hide for some time during a nationwide emergency. He joined the BJP in 1985 and held several positions within the party hierarchy until 2001, from where he gradually rose to the rank of Secretary in the BJP.

After the Gujarat earthquake in 2001, (earthquake in Bhuj) Narendra Modi was appointed as the Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2001 due to the poor health and poor public image of the then Chief Minister of Gujarat Keshubhai Patel. Modi was soon elected to the Legislative Assembly. His administration has been seen as harsh in the 2002 Gujarat riots, during which his actions were also criticized. However, the Special Investigation Team (SIT) appointed by the Supreme Court did not find any evidence to initiate the prosecution proceedings. As Chief Minister, his policies were credited for encouraging economic development.

Under his leadership, the Bharatiya Janata Party, India's leading opposition party, contested the 2014 Lok Sabha elections and achieved unprecedented success in 282 seats. [MP] As an MP, he won from the cultural city of Uttar Pradesh and Vadodara parliamentary constituency in his home state of Gujarat. Both contested from the place and won. Under his rule, India's foreign direct investment and infrastructure spending grew rapidly. [citation needed] He made several reforms in the bureaucracy and removed the Planning Commission policy. Commission formed.

Subsequently, in 2019, the Bharatiya Janata Party contested again under his leadership and this time won even bigger than before. The party won a total of 303 seats. BJP's allies NDA got a total of 352 seats. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister for the second consecutive time by taking oath on 30 May 2019.

Earlier, he was the 14th Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat. He was elected Chief Minister 4 times (2001 to 2014) due to his work. Narendra Modi, a postgraduate degree in political science from Gujarat University, is known as Vikas Purush and is currently one of the most popular leaders in the country. [10] He is also the highest follower (7.5 million +) on micro-blogging site Twitter. , January 2019). He is also known as 'Namo'. Time magazine has included Modi in the list of 42 candidates for Person of the Year 2013.

As Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Narendra Modi is a politician and poet. Apart from the Gujarati language, he also writes poems in Hindi with patriotism.

Books About Narendra Modi


  • Kaushal Sarathi Narendra Modi (Author - Dr Bhagwan Anjanekar)
  • Doordarshan Narendra Modi (Pankaj Kumar) (Hindi)
  • The political journey of Narendra Modi (Tejpal Singh Dhama) (Hindi)
  • Narendra Modi - an assured leadership (author - Dr Ravikant Paganis, Sasikala Upadhyay)
  • Narendra Modi - A thunderstorm (Author - Dr Damodar)
  • Narendra Modi: The Man The Times (Author: Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay)
  • Modi's World: Expanding Sphere of Influence (Author: C. Raja Mohan)
  • Speaking the Modi Way (author Virender Kapoor)
  • Swapna Ferawala (Bengali, writer: journalist Sujit Roy)
  • Narendrayan - Vyakti Te Samashti, An Assessment (Murat Marathi. Author Dr Girish Dabke)
  • Narendra Modi: Ek Karmayogyachi Sanghatha (Author - Vinayak Ambekar)
  • Of Modich? (Author Bhau Torsekar) - Morya Publications

Books Composed by Narendra Modi


  • Setubandh - co-author of a biography of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh leader Laxmanrao Inamdar (in 2001)
  • Aankh aan blessed bhaji (Gujarati poems)
  • Karma yoga
  • Gujarat in Emergency (Hindi)
  • Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat (Compilation of speeches of Narendra Modi; Editor Pradeep Pandit)
  • Jyotipunj (Autobiography - Narendra Modi)
  • Social harmony (compilation of Narendra Modi's articles)
  • Exam Warriors (English)

Honours and awards


  • February 2019 Seoul Peace Prize
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi was awarded the Seoul Peace Prize 2018 in South Korea on Friday. He is the first Indian and fourteenth person to receive this award.
  • In April 2014, Narendra Modi has been awarded 'The Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud', the highest civilian honour of Saudi Arabia.
  • In June 2016, President Ashraf Ghani of Afghanistan awarded the Amir Amanullah Khan Award to Afghanistan's highest civilian award to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • September 2014: 'Champions of the Earth Award' - Prime Minister Narendra Modi was given this honour for the International Solar Alliance and the resolve to free the country from single-use plastic.

(The United Nations Environment Program has issued a statement that-
This year's awardees are being honoured for their courageous, innovative and tireless efforts to tackle some of the most urgent environmental issues of today. In the category of policy leadership, French President Emmanuel Macron and Narendra Modi have been jointly elected for this honour.)

  • April 6, 2019: The United Arab Emirates presented its country's highest civilian award named 'Order of Jayed'.
  • April 12, 2014: Russia conferred its highest civilian honour 'Saint Andrew Order'.

Global image


  • 2014: 14th position in Forbes magazine among powerful people in the world.
  • 2015: Forbes magazine ranked 8th among powerful people in the world.
  • 2014: Modi's 8th place in the world-famous Forbes magazine among powerful people of the world.

private life


Narendra Modi was born on 14 September 1950 in a middle-class family of Hiraben Modi and Damodardas Moolchand Modi in Vadnagar village of Mahesana district of the then Bombay State. He was the third of six children born. Modi's family was from the 'Modh-Ghanchi-Teli' community, which is classified as Other Backward Classes by the Government of India. He is completely vegetarian. During his youth during the Second War between India and Pakistan, he volunteered to serve the soldiers travelling at railway stations. In his youth, he joined the student organization Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad. He also took part in the new anti-corruption movement. After working as a full-time organizer, he was nominated as the representative of the organization in the Bharatiya Janata Party. Modi, who had run a tea shop with his brother in his teens, completed his schooling in Vadnagar. As an RSS pracharak, he took a postgraduate examination in political science from Gujarat University in 1980 and obtained a Master of Science degree.

Narendra, the third son of his parents' six children, also helped his father in selling tea at the railway station in childhood. According to a schoolmaster from Badnagar, Narendra, although an average student, was keenly interested in debates and drama competitions. Apart from this, he was also interested in starting new projects on political subjects.

At the age of 13, Narendra was engaged to Jasoda Ben Chamanlal and when he was married, he was only 17 years old. According to news from Financial Express, the husband and wife spent a few years together. But after some time both of them became strangers to each other because Narendra Modi had expressed something similar to them. Whereas Narendra Modi's biographer does not believe so. He says.

"They both got married, but they never lived together. After a few years of marriage, Narendra Modi left the house and in a way, his marital life was almost finished."

After being silent on his marital status in the last four Vidhan Sabha elections, Narendra Modi said that he did not commit any sin by giving information about being unmarried. According to Narendra Modi, an unmarried person can fight against corruption vigorously as compared to a married person because he has no concern for his wife, family and children. However, Narendra Modi has submitted his affidavit and accepted Jasodaben as his wife.

Early Activism and Politics


Narendra started visiting the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh branch regularly when he was a student of the university. Thus his life began as a loyal campaigner of the Sangh. He showed political activism from early life and played a major role in strengthening the base of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Narendra Modi's strategy was to strengthen Shankar Singh Vaghela's base in Gujarat.

When the era of mixed governments at the centre began in April 190, Modi's hard work paid off when the Bharatiya Janata Party formed a government in Gujarat in the 1952 Assembly elections with a two-thirds majority. During this time, two national incidents took place in this country. The first incident was a rath yatra from Somnath to Ayodhya in which Narendra's main support was in Advani's chief charioteer's mumika. Similarly, the second Rath Yatra of Murali Manohar Joshi from Kanyakumari to Kashmir situated in the far north was also organized under the supervision of Narendra Modi. After this, Shankarsinh Vaghela resigned from the party, as a result of which Keshubhai Patel was made the Chief Minister of Gujarat and Narendra Modi was summoned to Delhi and entrusted with the responsibility of the Union Minister in the BJP.

As a national minister in 1955, he was given the job of party organization in five major states, which he performed well. In 1949, he was promoted and given the responsibility of National General Secretary (Organization). He continued working in this post till October 2001. The Bharatiya Janata Party removed Keshubhai Patel in October 2001 and handed over the command of Chief Minister of Gujarat to Narendra Modi.

As the Chief Minister of Gujarat


In 2001, the health of Keshubhai Patel (the then Chief Minister) started deteriorating and the BJP was losing many seats in the elections. After this, the National President of BJP places Modi as the new candidate as the Chief Minister. However, BJP leader LK Advani was worried about Modi's lack of experience in running the government. Modi turned down Patel's proposal to become Deputy Chief Minister and asked Advani and Atal Bihari Vajpayee to give responsibility for Gujarat if they should not give it otherwise. On 3 October 2001, he became the Chief Minister of Gujarat in place of Keshubhai Patel. Along with this, he also had full responsibility for the election in December 2002.

2001-02

Narendra Modi started his first term of Chief Minister from 7 October 2001. After this, Modi contested the Rajkot assembly election. In which Congress defeated Ashwin Mehta of the party by 14,728 votes.

Narendra Modi is known throughout the political circles for his unique lifestyle. There are only three people in their personal staff, there is no heavy staff. But everyone is familiar with the nature of Modi, who lives like a Karmayogi, so he does not face any problem in implementing his work. He never took any offence in the demolition of many Hindu temples in Gujarat which were not built according to government law and regulations. Although he had to become a partisan of organizations like Vishwa Hindu Parishad for this, he did not care about it at all; Which kept them fit. He is a popular speaker who is heard by a large number of listeners even today. In addition to kurta-pyjama and Sadri, they also occasionally wear suits. Apart from his mother tongue, Gujarati, he speaks Hindi only.

In the 2012 Gujarat Legislative Assembly elections under Modi's leadership, the Bharatiya Janata Party won a clear majority. The BJP got 115 seats this time.

Gujarat development plans


As a Chief Minister, Narendra Modi started the important schemes for the development of Gujarat and implemented them, a brief description of them is as follows-

  • Sardar Sarovar Dam (In 2008)
  • Panchamrit Yojana - Panchayati Yojana for integrated development of the state,
  • Sujalam Suphalam - Proper and integrated use of water resources in the state, so that water wastage can be stopped,
  • Krishi Mahotsav - Research Laboratories for Fertile Land
  • Chiranjeevi Yojana - To reduce the death rate of newborn baby,
  • Mother-Vandana - To protect the health of mother and child
  • Save the daughter - to control feticide and sex ratio,
  • Jyotigram Yojana - To provide electricity to every village,
  • Karmayogi campaign - to arouse loyalty among government employees for their duty,
  • Kanya Kalavani Yojana - awareness of female literacy and education,
  • Balabhog Yojana - lunch for poor students in school,

Modi's Vanbandhu Development Program


In addition to the above development schemes, Modi has also run another ten-point program for the development of forest and tribal areas in the state of Gujarat for the development of tribal and forest dwellers, all 10 sources of which are as follows:
Employment of 1 to 5 lakh families, 2-Quality of higher education, 3-Economic development, 4-Health, 5-housing, 4-Clean clean drinking water, 4-Irrigation, 4-Overall electrification, 4-Road in every season Route Availability and 10-Urban Development.

Conservation of Shyamjikrishna Varma's bones in India


Narendra Modi, after requesting the Swiss Government to return the ashes of Shyamji Krishna Verma and his wife Bhanumati's ashes to the patriot and founder of Aryasamaj, Swami Dayanand Saraswati's disciple Shyamji Krishna Verma and his wife Bhanumati, returned home from Geneva on 22 August 2003 and brought back to Mandvi (Shyamji's Birthplace) in the name of a revolution-pilgrimage place and preserved his memory in it. Tourists from far and wide visit Gujarat on 13 December 2010 to see this revolution-shrine dedicated to the nation by Modi. The tourism department of the Gujarat government oversees it.


2014 Lok Sabha Elections


Prime ministerial candidate


Narendra Modi was given the command of the 2014 Lok Sabha election campaign by the BJP Working Committee in Goa. At the Parliamentary Board meeting held on 13 September 2013, he was declared the Prime Ministerial candidate for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections. The party's top leader LK Advani was not present on the occasion and was announced by party president Rajnath Singh. After Modi was declared the prime ministerial candidate, he handed over the command of the election campaign to Rajnath Singh. After being made the Prime Ministerial candidate, Modi's first rally was held in Rewari town of Haryana province.

As an MP candidate, he contested the two Lok Sabha seats in the country, Varanasi and Vadodara and won both the constituencies with heavy votes.

Modi's position in Lok Sabha election 2014


Three major surveys conducted by news agencies and magazines had declared Narendra Modi as the first choice of the public for the post of Prime Minister. According to the AC Voter Poll Survey, the announcement of Narendra Modi as the candidate for the post of PM was expected to increase the vote share of the NDA by five per cent from 189 to 220 seats. Of the top 100 Indian corporates among the results published by Nielsen Holding and Economic Times in September 2013, 6 corporates had described Narendra Modi and 7 as the prime minister. Nobel laureate economist Amartya Sen said in an interview that he does not consider Modi to be a better prime minister. In his view, his acceptance among Muslims may be doubtful, while Jagdish Bhagwati and Arvind Panagariya find Modi's economics better. Narrators like yoga guru Swami Ramdev and Murari Bapu supported Narendra Modi.

After being declared the PM candidate by the party, Narendra Modi travelled all over India. During this time, travelling for three lakh kilometres, a total of 5827 programs were organized in the country, including 734 big election rallies, 3-D meetings and discussions on tea etc. He started the election campaign from Jammu on March 24, 2014, with the blessings of mother Vaishno Devi and ended in Ballia, the birthplace of Mangal Pandey. After attaining independence, the people of India witnessed a wonderful election campaign. Not only this, under the leadership of Narendra Modi, the Bharatiya Janata Party also achieved unprecedented success in the 2014 elections.

Result


While the National Democratic Alliance emerged as the largest parliamentary party by winning 337 seats in the elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party alone won 242 seats. The Congress was reduced to only 6 seats and its alliance had to settle for only 59 seats. Narendra Modi is a person born in independent India who was the 14th Chief Minister of Gujarat for 13 years from 2001 to 2014 and became the 18th Prime Minister of India.

There is also a historical fact that the opposition will have to be united for the election of the Leader-Opposition because no single party has touched the figure of 10 per cent of the total Lok Sabha seats.

BJP parliamentary party leader elected


When people were entering a joint meeting of the BJP Parliamentary Party and allies organized by the Bharatiya Janata Party in Parliament House on 20 May 2014, before entering Narendra Modi, bowed down the floor of the Parliament House as if someone Devotees bow to the holy temple. In the history of Parliament House, he did this by setting an example for all MPs. In the meeting, Narendra Modi was unanimously elected as the leader of not only the BJP parliamentary party but also the NDA. The President duly submitted a letter to this effect, appointing Narendra Modi as the 15th Prime Minister of India. Narendra Modi was sworn in as the Prime Minister on Monday 26 May 2014.

Resigned from Vadodara seat


Narendra Modi resigned from the Vadodara seat of Gujarat won by the largest margin in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections and decided to represent the Varanasi seat of Uttar Pradesh in Parliament and announced that he would develop this ancient city with service to the Ganges.

As prime minister


Modi went to meet his mother after winning the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.
Historical oath-taking ceremony

Narendra Modi's tenure as the 15th Prime Minister of India started on 26th May 2014 after the swearing-in of the premises of Rashtrapati Bhavan. Along with Modi, 45 other ministers also took the oath of office and secrecy at the ceremony. Out of a total of 36 ministers, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, took oath in Hindi and 10 in English. Heads of SAARC countries including heads of various states and political parties were invited to the ceremony. This incident is also seen as diplomatic diplomacy of Indian politics.

The heads of SAARC countries who attended the ceremony are as follows.

  • Afghanistan - President Hamid Karzai
  • Bangladesh - Speaker of Parliament Shirin Sharmin Chaudhary
  • Bhutan - Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay
  • Maldives - President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom
  • Mauritius - Prime Minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam
  • Nepal - Prime Minister Sushil Koirala
  • Pakistan - Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
  • Sri Lanka - Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Anna DMK) and NDA constituent Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) leaders criticized the Narendra Modi government's decision to invite the Sri Lankan Prime Minister. MDMK chief Vaiko met Modi and tried to change the decision of the invitation while Congress leaders were also opposing the MDMK and Anna DMK invitations. Sri Lanka and Pakistan released Indian fishermen. Modi welcomed the move of the countries invited to the swearing-in ceremony.

Chief Ministers of all the states of India were invited to this ceremony. Of these, the Chief Minister of Karnataka, Siddaramaiah (Congress) and the Chief Minister of Kerala, Uman Chandy (Congress) declined to participate. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa, who won the most seats after BJP and Congress, decided not to attend the ceremony while West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee decided to send Mukul Roy and Amit Mishra in their place.

Kiran Mahida, a tea vendor from Vadodara who proposed Modi's candidature, was also invited to the ceremony. Alvatta Modi's mother Hiraben and three other brothers did not attend the ceremony, they watched the live program on TV at home.

Important measures for Indian economy


  • Narendra Modi giving a speech at the World Economic Forum
  • Main article: Narendra Modi's cabinet
  • Establishment of Special Investigation Team (SIT) related to corruption
  • Announcement of the termination of the Planning Commission.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana for inclusion in the mainstream of economy of all Indians.
  • Permission for foreign investment in the defense production sector
  • Exemption to declare black money by paying 45% tax
  • Seventh Central Pay Commission approval of recommendations
  • End of the practice of presenting the railway budget
  • To end black money and parallel economy, invalidate the popular notes of 500 and 1000 from November 7, 2014

International Relations of India


  • Narendra Modi with other BRICS leaders
  • Main article: Narendra Modi government's foreign policy
  • Invitation to all SAARC countries in the oath-taking ceremony
  • The first choice of Bhutan for foreign travel
  • Establishment of a new development bank at BRICS conference
  • Worship in Pashupatinath temple in Nepal trip
  • Visit Japan before America and China
  • Successful to isolate Pakistan in the international world
  • Journey to Israel in July 2014, the beginning of a new era in relations with Israel

Modi's initiative to join the common man


Narendra Modi started the 'Mann Ki Baat' program to get to know the public and talk about it. Through this program, Modi tried to know the views of the people and at the same time, he appealed people to join various schemes including cleanliness campaign.

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